Care Before surgery

Things to Consider Before Surgery:

In the planning phase of the surgery, you are supposed to fulfill a form to determine your medical condition. Nothing should be hidden from the doctor.

The Night before Surgery:

  • Take a shower.
  • Spent the evening resting and go to bed on time.
  • Nothing, including water, should be consumed for 8 hours prior to the scheduled surgery.

Morning of Surgery:

  • Some drugs required to be taken regularly, such as blood pressure or thyroid disease drugs, may need to be taken in the morning of surgery. Discuss with your doctor about this condition in advance and take your drug in the morning of surgery if necessary.
  • Nothing, including water, should be consumed for 6-8 hours prior to the scheduled surgery.
  • Remove your contact lenses. Remove your earrings, necklaces, hairpins and piercings. Remove nail polish. Do not bring valuable things with you.

Post Surgical Spinal Precautions – Spinal Fusion

  • Do not bend forward at the waist more than 90º or raise knees higher than hips
  • Do not lift more than 10 pounds.
  • Do not twist your trunk while performing any activity.
  • Do not cross knees or ankles while sitting, standing or lying.
  • Always log roll out of bed. Have a pillow between your knees
    for comfort and to help maintain precautions if necessary

Tip: Change positions often and alternate rest (sitting and lying
down) with activity (walking and exercise) to increase
comfort. Avoid sitting and standing for long periods of time.


Until your doctor says it’s acceptable, avoid intense activities like bicycling, running, weight lifting, or aerobic activity. After your operation, do not drive for 2 to 4 weeks or until your doctor says it’s acceptable. For the first 8 to 12 weeks following surgery, avoid driving for more than 30 minutes at a time.

Although spinal fusion frequently necessitates extensive surgery, it may often be done in a same-day surgical setting utilising minimally invasive procedures. Under general anaesthesia, it is best performed by reputed neurosurgeons who have training in spine surgery. Spinal fusion surgery that is successful eliminates pain and helps patients to restore function. There are numerous surgical approaches that may be performed, depending on a number of parameters such as the patient’s specific ailment, the position of the vertebrae to be joined, and the patient’s overall health and body shape.

Patients should expect some pain and discomfort following their fusion treatment. This pain subsides with time and can be managed with medicines such as analgesics, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), skeletal muscle relaxants, and nerve pain relievers. Patients usually have the most intense discomfort in the first few weeks following surgery, which gradually decreases.

Patients will be urged to follow their surgeon’s advice and keep a healthy lifestyle following surgery. After fusion surgery, the spine usually takes many months to fully recover. Your doctor may advise you to wear a brace to keep your spine stable following surgery, which can also give some relief. Patients must also keep an eye out for indications of infection, including as swelling, wound drainage, fever, and/or chills, once they return home. If you experience any of these symptoms after surgery, you should call your surgeon right away.

A spinal fusion’s outcomes are permanent. Once the bones fuse as anticipated, the normal movement of your spine is altered, impacting the area surrounding the surgery site as well as other body parts.