Recurring, inexplicable seizures characterise the neurological disorder known as epilepsy. An electrical surge in the brain that is not typical causes a seizure. When a person experiences two or more seizures without any apparent trigger, a medical professional may suspect epilepsy.


Seizures or epilepsy can be brought on by any condition that results in brain damage.

  • Trauma or injury to the head
  • Brain haemorrhage/stroke (bleed)
  • A condition characterised by infection or inflammation of the brain, such as meningitis, encephalitis, or a brain abscess
  • Abnormalities in the brain (like tumours), disorders of the brain (like Alzheimer’s)
  • Habitual drug or alcohol abuse
  • Biochemical discords such swings in blood sugar levels


  • A lapse in consciousness that lasts for a short while.
  • Weakness in the muscles, jerking motions, and loss of muscle tone
  • Blank stare
  • Confusion, mental slowdown, speech and comprehension difficulties are all temporary.
  • A loss of sensation or a shift in how your senses work.
  • Challenges in conveying ideas or receiving them.
  • Feeling queasy, hot or cold waves, and tingly chills.
  • Actions using the lips, the teeth, the hands, and the fingers.
  • Psychic feelings include dread, anxiety, or a sense of déjà vu.
  • An increased rate of heartbeat and/or respiration.


  • EEG
  • MRI
  • CT


Epilepsy treatment options include antiepileptic drugs (AEDs), dietary modification, and surgical intervention.

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