Recurring, inexplicable seizures characterise the neurological disorder known as epilepsy. An electrical surge in the brain that is not typical causes a seizure. When a person experiences two or more seizures without any apparent trigger, a medical professional may suspect epilepsy.
Seizures or epilepsy can be brought on by any condition that results in brain damage.
- Trauma or injury to the head
- Brain haemorrhage/stroke (bleed)
- A condition characterised by infection or inflammation of the brain, such as meningitis, encephalitis, or a brain abscess
- Abnormalities in the brain (like tumours), disorders of the brain (like Alzheimer’s)
- Habitual drug or alcohol abuse
- Biochemical discords such swings in blood sugar levels
- A lapse in consciousness that lasts for a short while.
- Weakness in the muscles, jerking motions, and loss of muscle tone
- Blank stare
- Confusion, mental slowdown, speech and comprehension difficulties are all temporary.
- A loss of sensation or a shift in how your senses work.
- Challenges in conveying ideas or receiving them.
- Feeling queasy, hot or cold waves, and tingly chills.
- Actions using the lips, the teeth, the hands, and the fingers.
- Psychic feelings include dread, anxiety, or a sense of déjà vu.
- An increased rate of heartbeat and/or respiration.
Epilepsy treatment options include antiepileptic drugs (AEDs), dietary modification, and surgical intervention.